The Story of Yellow Tea

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Yellow tea is little-known and little-spoken of. An offshoot of green tea with the relatively light oxidation of white tea, yellow teas aim to retain the health benefits of green teas while removing the grassier notes and being easier to stomach. However, not many yellow teas exist in the world, and some can no longer even be created; their processing techniques have become extinct and unknown. In spite of much searching, no scholars have yet found any person with the required knowledge to reproduce these yellow teas.

Although the exact time that yellow tea was created is not known, it is generally speculated to have been conceived during the early Qing dynasty of 1644 to 1912.

Some yellow teas are now produced as green teas in order to help them sell or because the original processing technique has been lost. They remain an expensive specialty that does not survive well in the poorer markets where they are produced, and so most if not all yellow teas are currently in a dangerous position.

Yellow tea was only very recently recognised and included as one of the six main types of tea, the other five being green, white, black, oolong and puerh.

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Toucha – Game of Choice in Medieval Japan

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The Kamakura Shogunate fell in 1333 to the warring Northern and Southern dynasties, as situation that had occurred due to a large split in the royal family. It was during this time that the then-famous game of Toucha became popular among the gekokujou, a group of upstart nobles. It was played by inviting the guest to distinguish real tea (honcha, which literally means genuine tea. Honcha was tea sourced only from Toganoo) from other tea. As tea diversified and spread across Japan, Toucha also diversified to fit its audience; it became a game combining skill, knowledge and luck, where guests would guess which plantations different teas had come from.

Toucha was the game of choice for so many that it even became normal to bet money and extravagant items on it, so much so that a skilled player could almost earn a decent living on it. Toucha gatherings were common and as time went on many of the poorer classes in feudal Japan were also introduced to it. While they could not afford to be as extravagant as their higher-class brothers and sisters, this didn’t stop them from betting amounts more appropriate to their income.

Exhibiting at the Melbourne Tea Fair

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Wishing to exhibit at the Melbourne Tea Fair but haven’t yet secured a space? It’s not too late! Although main submissions are now closed, we are still accepting submissions to our wait list, and we will see if we can make room for you.

Please send charity@australianteamasters.com.au your exhibitor registration forms by July 31. First in first served!

You can download a copy of the exhibitor registration form from http://australianteamasters.com.au/melbourne-tea-fair , at the bottom of the page.

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Tasting Teas: The Role of a Tea Taster – 2

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In our last post we went through the necessary skills and traits a qualified and well-respected tea taster should possess. In this post, we will be covering how a tea taster conducts their job.

Firstly however it is important to note that tea is a beverage that has been around for many thousands of years, and has survived all sorts of economic slumps, collapses, and the falls of entire civilisations. As such, a job in the tea industry has a bit more permanence than many other jobs, with job security generally being quite high. Tea has proven to be something that will always be in demand, and its relatively flexible expense ensures its survivability.

Actually performing their job, however, is an interesting and highly technical process. Using a very particular and specialised spoon, the tea taster takes in the tea by slurping it so that it accelerates to exactly 125 miles per hour. This causes a fine mist to form inside the mouth which helps both the olfactory and gustatory senses absorb every aspect of the taste and scent. After thoroughly tasting the tea, it is spat back out into a special pan. The tea taster can then move on to the next cup.

A tea taster will use a stringent methodology under which they will evaluate teas, and also has a standard reference with which to compare them.

Today, tea tasting is a combination of age-old tried and tested methods and scientific methods and understanding unearthed in the modern world. This has both harmonised and standardised tea tasting around the globe.

Tasting Teas: The Role of a Tea Taster – 1

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We often hear of people such as wine tasters; they sample the wine and grade it for quality. But have you ever heard about tea tasters?

A tea taster works within the tea industry as a professional who specialises in sampling teas. It is a complex and artful career path, and those who taste teas are gifted with sensitive tongues and a good sense of intuition.

So, what type of person makes a good tea taster?

Firstly, their taste buds must be highly active and undamaged. In addition, their olfactory sense must also be in good condition, as both of these are required to tell the subtle differences between alkaloids in the samples of tea. A capable tea taster will be able to identify many subtle aromas from within a cup. In turn, this means that the taster should avoid sensory-destroying substances and habits such as spicy foods, alcohol and smoking.

Secondly, they must have a diverse knowledge of the tea plantations and how the teas they are tasting have been manufactured. This knowledge will help them identify these characteristic from inside the teas immediately, and will also them identify mystery teas whose characteristics and sources are unknown.

Thirdly, they must love the earth and all her fruits. To truly appreciate the uniqueness and beauty of tea, they should understand nature and be actively interested in both harvesting and preserving it, allowing it to be the best it can be. A good tea taster may graduate from biology, home science, agriculture, horticulture or food technology.

More to come in Part 2.

Tea for Stress: Caught up in Cortisol

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Tea has long been known as a sort of meditative drink.

Focus and attention span are very relevant topics in our currently busy days and lives; often we bustle about so much that we are doomed to forget the simple joys of just sitting and thinking, perhaps, yes indeed, with a cup of tea in hand. Tea is neither a boisterous nor abrasive drink, but instead is good at promoting alertness, a sense of calm and relaxation.

Perhaps we could stress a little less if we all took that ten minutes, every so often, to sit down, close our eyes, and drink up that warm, beautiful taste.

In any case, I’d like to take a moment to talk about a hormone called cortisol. As many of you may already know (especially those of you involved in sciences to do with the human brain and body, or who have suffered from an anxiety disorder), cortisol is the body’s stress hormone. Your body releases cortisol in stressful situations to help you deal with the problem; for instance, it will cause a function called gluconeogenesis, which increases your current blood sugar so that you have more energy to work with than in normal situations. It also gives you the typical “stressful” mental state.

However, our current lives are a breeding ground for cortisol, and as anyone with an anxiety disorder will tell you, too much stress is never any fun. Excess anxiety can both be caused by and result in cortisol release, and once in this state even small events can cause distress. Many Westerners who have no such disorder still present higher levels of stress than they should, simply because of the current complexity and speed of the western lifestyle.

Now, here’s something interesting; several studies have shown that tea, both green and black, can help reduce cortisol production in stressful situations. Although the affect is minimal, every bit of reduced cortisol production can benefit those that suffer from having too much of the hormone, and should be considered.

This affect, however, may not even be tea’s greatest asset towards stress reduction. As I mentioned at the beginning of this blog post, tea is a meditative, zen-like drink. Meditation, or at the very least quiet reflection, has shown to be helpful in people suffering from anxiety, and tea is the perfect drink to promote both of these. The caffeine in tea helps keep the mind alert, while the action of drinking keeps you from annoying, distracting actions like fidgeting.

Maybe it’s time you sat down and took a step back from life?

Longing for an Oolong

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Oolongs are an interesting breed of tea.

Many tea drinkers have only heard of “Black” tea, “Green” tea, and herbals, as that is simply what is stocked most commonly on the supermarket shelves. But there’s another extremely viable, extremely delicious form of tea that everyone should appreciate at least once in their lives: oolong tea.

Oolong teas are a vibrant in-between of green tea and black tea, offering qualities of both but never reaching either’s extremes. The reasoning for this lies in the process used to create oolong teas.

When the camellia sinensis (tea) leaves are picked off the bush, they are subjected to a process that gradually (or sometimes very rapidly) increases the oxidation levels in the leaves. Green tea is usually described as unoxidised or very lightly oxidised; typically the levels are very low or non-existent. Black tea, on the other hand, has been fully oxidised, which gives it its blackened colour and fuller taste.

So where does this leave oolong tea?

Oolong tea is right in the middle of green tea and black tea on the oxidation chart. It encompasses a wide range of oxidation percentages and can have more characteristics of green tea, or more characteristics of black tea, as a result. Typically, increasing the oxidation level of a tea will lower its catechin count and increase its caffeine levels.

Taiwan and China are especially famous for their oolong teas, and produce a large range for consumers to pick through. Some are among the most highly revered teas in the world.